Coronavirus Resources and Information
Guidelines for Celebration of Mass and Holy Communion
Churches in the District of Columbia and all five Maryland counties in the Archdiocese of Washington are no longer subject to governmental capacity or social distancing limits. Consistent with CDC, state, and local guidance, masks are no longer required of any person inside churches or religious facilities with the Archdiocese. Masks are recommended, but not required, for unvaccinated persons when indoors. Please note that individual parishes may choose to keep distancing, masking, or other precautions in place, as well as continue live-streaming their Masses.
The following revisions, effective May 28, 2021 modify the Public Celebration of Mass and Holy Communion Outside of Mass guidelines issued May 14, 2020 and revised October 15, 2020. These modifications take into account the following:
- The increasing percentage of residents who have received the vaccination, particularly those in the age demographic who are at highest risk of contracting Covid-19;
- The low positivity rate and declining hospitalization rates locally;
- The recent Executive Orders by Maryland Governor Larry Hogan on March 9, 2021, lifting capacity restrictions in houses of worship along with his May 14, 2021, Order revising the State mandate regarding wearing masks indoors; and the corresponding Executive Order by District of Columbia Mayor Muriel Bowser, dated May 17, 2021;
- The recent guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) regarding the cleaning and disinfection of public spaces, the recommended social distancing of 3 feet in K-12 schools, and the lifting of certain restrictions for fully vaccinated people;
- The continuing guidance and orders from State and local health departments regarding masking, cleaning, and social distancing.
Based upon the above, below are the updated guidelines for the celebration of Mass and Holy Communion. Please note that these guidelines are also applicable to other parish liturgical events such as weddings, funerals and Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament.
Health and Hygiene Considerations:
- Liturgical celebrations no longer need to abide by capacity restrictions.
- The use of masks while gathered indoors is not required for fully vaccinated individuals, but is recommended for non-vaccinated individuals. There is no requirement to check vaccination status.
- The use of masks by ordinary and extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion while distributing Holy Communion, vaccinated and non-vaccinated, is still required during the distribution.
- Per archdiocesan policy, social distancing is still required between individuals from separate households for indoor gatherings as follows: Pastors are permitted to reduce distancing to 3 feet for indoor celebrations (which may allow the use of all rows) if they feel it would be beneficial. Pastors may also choose to set aside a section of the church that maintains 6-foot distancing for those who wish to maintain more social distancing.
- Parishes are to continue to have hand sanitizer available at all of the entrances of churches.
- Cleaning and disinfecting after every liturgical celebration is no longer required unless a person with a confirmed or suspected Covid-19 case is known to have been in an indoor space, per CDC guidelines, cleaning with ordinary soap and water once per day is sufficient to remove viruses that may be on surfaces and help maintain a healthy facility. However, such shared indoor spaces must be disinfected at least once a week in addition to being cleaned once a day. If a person with a positive Covid-19 case is known to have been in an indoor space, cleaning and disinfection must occur immediately.
Preparation of Ministers:
- Musical accompaniment at Mass or other liturgical celebrations may employ a cantor and organist or pianist, or even a small musical ensemble of no more than 4 singers. However, the decision on whether to use a small ensemble must factor in the need for enhanced social distancing (greater than 3 feet) from each other and as separate as possible from the congregation. If the ensemble and/or cantor is located in front of the congregation, enhanced social distancing must be observed and/or the use of plastic barriers. Hymns and sung Mass parts are allowed.
Preparation of the Church:
- Baptismal fonts and Holy Water stoups may be used. Hand sanitizer must be available in close proximity to permit the cleansing of hands. Fonts and stoups are to be cleaned regularly, following proper protocols for handling Holy Water.
- Hard copy bulletins and other printed liturgical materials may be used.
Guidance for the Celebration of Mass:
- Procession at the beginning of Mass and recession at the end of Mass may be restored.
- The celebrant is welcome to greet the parishioners after Mass, but shaking hands should be avoided.
- The offertory Procession of the Gifts may be restored.
- The Sign of Peace should be restored with the use of a gesture, such as a bow or wave, but shaking of hands should be avoided.
- The distribution of the Precious Blood remains suspended until further notice.
- The use of masks while distributing Holy Communion is still required (as noted earlier), as is the requirement to sanitize one’s hands prior to the distribution of Holy Communion and if one’s hand touches the hand of the communicant. Holy Communion on the tongue continues to be discouraged, but pastors may make provisions for those who would like to receive on the tongue (the use of separate lines, receiving at the end of the communion line, etc.). If a minister distributes Holy Communion on the tongue, he or she should still sanitize his or her hands after the distribution to each individual on the tongue.
Visit the Media Portal to view the latest statements regarding the coronavirus released by the Archdiocese of Washington.
The Catholic Standard will also continue to provide information as updates are available.
Messages from Cardinal Gregory
The dispensation from the obligation to attend Mass during the pandemic has been lifted, effective June 26, 2021. Read the joint statement from Cardinal Gregory and the bishops of the Province of Baltimore.
“Our transition back to in-person worship is a long-awaited moment. The bishops of our region have given careful consideration as to how we can move forward together, respecting the autonomy of each local Church. Because we live in communities close to one another, we felt it best to approach the restoration of in-person worship on a united front. Our people have been so patient and cooperative with the procedures that were designed to protect us from the virus that we could not be more grateful for the spirit of genuine concern for everyone in our parishes. As we start to return to worship practices that were set aside, let us praise God for all those who helped to develop and who continue to administer the vaccines that seem to be working for the good of society. It will be a special blessing to gather around the Lord’s Altar as the Family of Faith that we are called to be.”
Catholic Schools Information
In realizing the need for a measured and thoughtful approach to school reopening for the 2020-21 school year during this time of crisis and pandemic, the Archdiocese of Washington Schools Office has released Onward Together in Faith, a document summarizing the reopening plans of the 62 Archdiocesan high schools, elementary schools, and early learning centers (ELCs), and the 29 independent Catholic schools in the archdiocese.
For more about your school’s campus operating status, contact your school directly, visit your school website, and follow your school on social media.
Worship and Prayer Resources
The dispensation issued by Cardinal Gregory from the obligation to attend Mass during the pandemic has been lifted, effective June 26 and June 27, 2021. Read the joint statement from Cardinal Gregory and the bishops of the Province of Baltimore.
The following resources have been developed to help parishes and individuals continue to provide and to participate in pastoral ministry, prayer and outreach. These resources were created at various times since Spring 2020. Since civil guidelines and restrictions are developing, always follow the most recent guidance on social and physical distancing.
Individual and Family Resources
- Guide to celebrating Mass online when sick or homebound: English | Spanish
- How to hold a prayer service at home: English | English B&W version| Spanish | French
- Resources for live-streaming events in your parish
- How to host a small group online: English | Spanish
- Guide for parishes to make phone calls to parishioners (Updated November 2020): English PDF | English Word Doc. | Spanish PDF | Spanish Word Doc.
- The Church on Call: Accompanying Parishioners through Phone Calls during Times of Separation (co-produced with the Catholic Apostolate Center): Webinar
- Top ten tips for pastoral ministry during COVID-19: English
Health, Safety and Vaccine Information
There have been many conversations within the Catholic community about the safety and morality of COVID-19 vaccines. The Archdiocese of Washington supports and affirms the statement published on March 2, 2021 by the USCCB.
We have provided answers to frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 vaccine to help clarify Catholic moral teaching on this matter.